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Accueil » Edible food and plants for degus

Edible food and plants for degus

  • Diet

Octodon degus are herbivorous and folivorous animals and many foods are edible for them. Their natural diet consists mainly of leaves, roots, flowers and some seeds 1 2. In captivity, it is essential to offer them a diet adapted to their species and to know how to feed them. A varied diet, with a Ca:P ratio of 2:13 can prevent most dental problems in degus4. They also need a wide variety of food to choose from and to maintain natural chewing behaviour5.

Illustration by ValoniaArt

One must be particularly when collecting plants to identify them. It is essential to find, identify and verify the species of the plant correctly, as well as to check its potential toxicity.

Edible foods

Calcium-rich foods

These plants can be fed to the degus without any limitation. It can be interesting to offer them a wide variety of freshly picked plants so that they can take full advantage of the benefits of these plants in terms of vitamins and minerals. Ideally, a selection of these plants should be fed on a daily basis, adjusting the amounts to a Ca:P ratio of 2:1.

NameRatio Ca:P
Alfalfa7,8:1
Oregano7,5:1
Plantain6,8:1
Fenugreek6,6:1
Comfrey6,5:1
Weeping willow6,1:1
Tarragon05:01
Hibiscus5,8:1
Jerusalem artichoke5,6:1
Bird's-foot trefoil4,9:1
Carrot (leaves)4,6:1
Stork's beak4,6:1
Turnip (leaves)4,5:1
Trefoil4,4:1
Amaranth4,3:1
Red clover4,2
Safflower4,1:1
Arugula3:1
Oak (leaf)3:1
Sainfoin03:01
White clover3:1
Fireweed (leaves)3,9:1
Lupulin alfalfa3,9:1
Vine (leaf)3,9:1
Rosemary3,8:1
Thyme3,8:1
Winged bean (leaves)3,6:1
Dill3,6
Basil3,2:1
Desmodium3,2:1
Celosia3,1:1
Spinach02:01
Chinese cabbage (bok choi)2,9:1
Common chickweed2,9:1
Vetch (leaf)2,9:1
Beet (leaves)2,8:1
Dandelion2,8:1
Common vetch2,7:1
Cabbage Pe-Tsai2,6:1
Leucosphaera bainesii2,5:1
Mustard (leaf)2,3:1
Parsley2,3:1
Chicory (leaves)2,1:1
Endive1,8:1
Borage1,7:1
Cabbage1,5:1
Celery (leaves)1,5:1
Chives1,5:1
Red cabbage1,5:1
Cilantro (leaves)1,3:1
Lettuce Romaine1,2:1
Red Lettuce1,2:1
Green lettuce1,1:1
Lettuce1,1:1

Edible foods

NameScientific nameRemarks
Abyssinian bananaEnsete ventricosum
Alchemilla of the AlpsAlchemilla alpina
Alfalfa / Cultivated alfalfaMedicago sativa
Allegheny milfoilAlliaria petiolata
Allegheny mountain avensLobularia maritima
Alpine fleabaneErigeron alpinus
Alpine SpeedwellVeronica serpyllifolia
AmaranthAmaranthusQuantity to be limited
Annual fleabaneErigeron annuusInvasive plant
Annual fleabaneErigeron annuus
Annual Lunaria / Pope's MintLunaria annuaTo be given in small quantities
Anthyllides vulnéraireAnthyllis vulneraria
AposerisAposeris foetida
Apple treeMalus domesticaFruits should only be given as treats. Leaves and wood are edible. Do not give the seeds.
Armenian BrambleRubus discolorBeware of thorns fruits as treats
AroniaAronia melanocarpa
Arroche des jardinsAtriplex hortensis
ArtichokeCynara cardunculus var. scolymus, Cynara scolymus
Ash treeFraxinus
AspenPopulus tremula
Aster modestusAster modestus
Aster ponceauSymphyotrichum puniceum
Attic fleabaneErigeron atticus
Balsil muskClinopodium Vulgare
Balsil wildOcimum basilicum sp.
Basil cinnamonOcimum basilicumTo be given in small quantities
Basil purpleOcimum basilicum 'Cinnamon'
Bastard cloverTrifolium hybridumBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
Bean (all types)Phaseolus spAvoid fruits, too rich
Bean wingedPsophocarpus tetragonolobus
BeetBeta vulgaris subsp. vulgarisLeaves only
Bell pepperCapsicum annuumLeaves to be preferred vegetables as treats
Birdsfoot trefoilSorbus aucupariaInedible fruit plant and leaves ok.
BiscutellaBiscutella laevigata
Bitter orangeBidens cernuaTo be given in small quantities
Black alderAlnus glutinosa
Black mulberryMorus nigra
BlackthornPrunus spinosaFruits should only be given as treats. Leaves and wood are edible. Poisonous seeds
BlueberryCentaurea cyanus
BorageBorago officinalis
Bramble remarkableRubus spectabilisFruits to be given only as treats
BroccoliBrassica oleracea var. italicaLeaves, vegetable to be avoided (treat)
Bromus / BromeBromus sp.
Brussels sproutsBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
BuckwheatFagopyrum esculentumSeeds only as treats
Buenos Air fleabaneConyza bonariensis
BurnetSanguisorba minor
CabbageBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Cabbage (all types)Brassica spTo be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Cabbage freshBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Cabbage kaleBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Cabbage romanescoBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Cabbage whiteBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
California poppyEschscholzia californica
Campanula agglomerateCampanula glomerataGive in small doses
Campanula false raiponceCampanula rapunculoidesGive in small dose
Campanula scheuchzeriCampanula scheuchzeriGive in small doses
Campanula thyrsoidesCampanula thyrsoidesTo be given in small quantities
Campanula witasekianaCampanula witasekianaGive in small doses
Campanula with Cochlear leavesCampanula cochleariifoliaGive in small doses
Canada fleabaneErigeron canadensis
Canary seedPhalaris canariensis
Caraway / CuminCarum carvi
Cardamine amaraCardamine amara
Cardamine bulbiferaCardamine bulbifera
Cardamine flexuosaCardamine flexuosa
Cardamine hirsuteCardamine hirsuta
Cardamine meadowsweetCardamine pratensis
Cardamine oligospermaCardamine oligospermaGive in small doses
Cardamine pentaphyllosCardamine pentaphyllos
Cardamine trifoliaCardamine trifolia
Cardamine with nine leavesCardamine enneaphyllosGive in small dose
Carmine endiveCychorium intybus
Carob treeCeratonia siliquaFruits to be given as treats only. Edible leaves and wood.
CarrotsDaucus carota subsp. sativusVegetables as treats only, leaves ok.
Cauliflower orangeBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
CeleryApium graveolens
Celery rootApium graveolens var. rapaceumLeaves (vegetable for treats)
CelosiaCelosia
Centaurea nigracentaurea nigra
Centaurea pseudophrygiaCentaurea pseudophrygia
Centaurea scabiousCentaurea scabiosa
Centaury of the mountainsCentaurea montana
Chard / Swiss chardBeta vulgaris
Cherry plumPrunus cerasiferaFruits not to be eaten
Cherry treePrunus avium
Cherry tree (all types)Prunus sp.Leaves and wood edible fruits only in candy.
Chervil (all types)Cirsium arvense
Chervil glossyAnthriscus nitidaPoisonous roots
Chervil wildAnthriscus sylvestrisMay be confused with poisonous plants, be careful when identifying. Poisonous roots.
ChestnutCastanea sativa Mill.Edible leaves and wood. Fruits to avoid.
ChiaSalvia hispanicaSeeds only as treats
ChickweedGalium aparine
Chicory Castellfranco
Chicory endiveCichorium endivia
Chicory grumolo verde / Bitter Chicory
Chicory of CataloniaCichorium intybus var. foliosum
Chinese cabbage (bok choi)Brassica rapa L. subsp. pekinensisTo be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
ChivesAllium schoenoprasumIn small quantities
Chives (all types)Alium spIn small quantity
Chlorophyton cheveluChlorophytum comosum
Chrysanthemum (leaves)Chrysanthemum
CilantroCoriandrum sativumSeeds in SAB degu Mix
Clover of the meadowsTrifolium pratenseBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
Cognassier du JaponChaenomeles japonicaTo be given in small quantities
ColtsfootTussilago farfara
ComfreySymphytum
Common AlchemillaAlchemilla vulgaris
Common anthracisAnthriscus caucalisToxic roots
Common barberry / St. Barbara's herbBarbarea vulgaris
Common barleyHordeum vulgareSeeds only as treats
Common beanPhaseolus vulgaris L.Fruits as treats only, leaves edible.
Common bluegrassPoa trivialis
Common bluegrassPoa pratensis
Common BrambleRubus fruticosusBeware of thorns fruits as treats
Common BroomGeum urbanum
Common BrunellePrunella vulgarisTo be given in small quantities
Common burdockArctium lappa
Common carnationDianthus caryophyllusTo be given in small quantities
Common CeratiusCerastium fontanum
Common chervilAnthriscus cerefolium
Common chickweedLathyrus sativus
Common daisyLeucanthemum vulgare
Common hazelnut treeCorylus avellana
Common Hornbeam / CharmillaCarpinus betulus
Common LampshadeLapsana communis
Common MilletPanicum miliaceumSeeds to be reserved as treats
Common thistleCirsium vulgare
Common toadflaxLinaria vulgarisTo be given in small quantities
Common vetchVicia sativa
Compagnon blancSilene latifoliaTo be given in small quantities
CoreopsisCoreopsis sp.
CranesbillErodium cicutarium
Creeping BugleAjuga reptans
Creeping callisiaCallisia repens
Creeping PotentillaPotentilla reptans
CressLepidium sativum
CucumberCucumis sativusVegetable in treats
Cucumber (all types)Silene dioicaTo be given in small quantities
DaisyBellis perennisToxic in high doses
DandelionTaraxacum sp.
Daucus carrotDaucus carota
DesmodiumDesmodium adscendens
Dianthus sternbergiiDianthus sternbergii
DillAnethum graveolens
Dog roseRosa caninaBeware of thorns
Domestic rose (all types)Rosa spBeware of thorns
Dove's foot cranesbillGeranium columbinum
Dyer's ratongrassSerratula tinctoria
Elongated globulariaGlobularia bisnagarica
EndiveCichorium intybus var. foliosum
Epilobium brachycarpumEpilobium brachycarpumGive in small quantities
Erect huckleberryPotentilla erectaTo be given in small quantities
Erigeron peregrinus subsp. callianthemusErigeron peregrinus subsp. callianthemus
Eupatory agrimonyAgrimonia eupatoria
Fennel commonFoeniculum vulgareFrom the root to the seeds! Be careful not to confuse with the ferula which is toxic.
Fennel purpleFoeniculum vulgare Purpureum
FenugreekTrigonella foenum-graecum
Field bindweedConvolvulus arvensis
Field mintMentha arvensis
Field mustardSinapis arvensis
Field pansyViola arvensisTo be given in small quantities
Field RoseRosa arvensisBeware of thorns
Field speedwellVeronica arvensis
Fig treeFicus caricaFruits only in candy.
FireweedEpilobium angustifoliumGive in small quantities
Flowering gooseberryRibes sanguineumFruits should only be given as treats. Leaves and wood are edible.
Frutescente PotentillaDasiphora fruticosa
Garden cressBarbarea verna
Gaudin's fleabaneErigeron schleicheri
Geranium lividGeranium phaeum
Geranium versicolorGeranium versicolor
Giant spinachSpinocia sp.
Giant winter spinachSpinocia oleracea
Globularia punctataGlobularia punctata
Gloved bellflowerCampanula tracheliumGive in small dose
Golden cloverTrifolium aureumBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
Golden crepidCrepis aurea
Golden yellow turnipBrassica rapa L
Goldenrod / Canada fleabaneErigeron acer
Goldenrod / Canada thistleSolidago canadensisTo be given in small quantities
GooseberryRibes rubrumFruits should be given only as treats. Leaves and wood are edible.
GrassesPoaceaeExcept Phalaris, Sorghum (Sorghum), Lolium arundinaceum (tall fescue), English ryegrass (Lolium perenne), Italian ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) and Pennisetum clandestinum (known to be toxic to livestock and/or risk of health problems).
Great nasturtiumTropaeolum majus
Greater plantainPlantago major
Green beansPhaseolus vulgaris
Green cauliflowerBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Green field speedwellVeronica beccabunga
Green lettuceLactuca sativa sp.
Green-necked rutabagaBrassica napus ssp. rapifera
GroundselSenecio sp.
Hairy galinsogeGalinsoga quadriradiataTo be given in small quantities
Hairy stem crepisCrepis capillaris
Hawthorn monogyneCrataegus monogyna
Heartleaf globularGlobularia cordifoliaTo be given in small quantities
Hedge bindweedCalystegia sepium
Hedge vetchVicia sepium
HibiscusHibiscus sp.
Hibiscus (all types)Cenchrus alopecuroides
Hieracium porrifoliumHieracium porrifolium
HopsHumulus lupulus
HorseradishArmoracia rusticana
Horticultural pansyViola à—wittrockianaTo be given in small quantities
HyposeHyssopus officinalis
Japanese SpireaSpiraea japonica
Jerusalem artichokeHelianthus tuberosusQuantity to be limited
Kale (curly)Brassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Kale Pe-TsaiBrassica rapa L. subsp. pekinensisTo be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Knautia drymeiaKnautia drymeiaTo be given in small quantities
Knautie des champsKnautia arvensisTo be given in small quantities
Knautie des chĂȘnaiesKnautia arvernensis
KohlrabiBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Kohlrabi purpleBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Lady's julienneHesperis matronalisTo be given in small quantities
Lamb's lettuceValerianella locusta
Lamier pourpreLamium purpureumTo be given in small quantities
Large-leafed broomGeum macrophyllumGive in small quantities
Lativa (all types)Lactuca sativa sp.
Lavatera of a quarterLavatera trimestris
LeekAllium ampeloprasum var. porrumQuantity to be limited
Lemon balmMelissa officinalis
LentilLens culinarisSeeds only as treats
LettuceLactuca sativa var. longifolia
Lettuce (all types)Lactuca sativa
Lettuce (all types)Mycelis muralisTo be given in small quantities
Lettuce asparagusLactuca sativa var. angustana
Lettuce Lollo rossaLatuca sativa Lollo Rossa
Lettuce oak leafLactuca sativa var. crispa
Lettuce redLactuca sativa var.
Lettuce RomaineLactuca sativa var. longifolia
Lettuce sucrineLactuca sativa var.
Lettuce watercress / MoroccanLactuca sativa var.
Lettuce/Chicory FriséeCichorium endivia var. crispum
Leucosphaera bainesiiLeucosphaera bainesii
LindenTilia sp.
LovageLevisticum officinale
Lupuline alfalfaMedicago lupulina
Lysimachia communeLysimachia vulgaris
Magnolia starryMagnolia stellataTo be given in small quantities
Malus purpureaMalus purpurea
MarigoldCalendula officinalis
MarjoramOriganum majorana
MarshmallowAlthaea officinalis
Matricaria perforata or Scentless MatricariaTripleurospermum inodorumTo be given in small quantity
Meadow cranesbillGeranium pratense
Meadow cressCynosurus cristatus
Meadow fescueFestuca pratensis
Meadow salsifyTragopogon pratensis
MeadowfoamLathyrus pratensis
MeadowsweetFilipendula ulmaria
Melilot officinalMelilotus officinalisTo be given in small quantity. Can be confused easily.
Mimosa of ChileVachellia caven
MizunaBrassica rapa subsp. nipposinica
Mountain cloverTrifolium montanumBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
Mountain cloverTrifolium montanumBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
Mufti / Wolf's mouthAntirrhinum majus
Mulberry (all types)Morus spBeware of prickles, fruit in treats
Myosote of the marshMyosotis scorpioides
MyrobolanPrunus cerasifera
Nasturtium microphyllumNasturtium microphyllumTo be given in small quantities
Noccaea montanaThlaspi montanum
Nootka RoseRosa nutkanaBeware of thorns
OakQuercusToxic acorns the species pubescent oak, pedunculate sessile and sessile are toxic.
OatsAvena sativaSeeds only as treats
Olive treeOlea europaea L.Fruits to avoid.
Orange hawkweedPilosella aurantiacaTo be given in small quantities
OreganoOriganum vulgareTo be given in small quantities
Osteospermum / African daisyOsteospermum sp.All species are edible
Panama woodQuillaja saponaria
ParsleyPetroselinum crispumTo be given in small quantities
Parsley flatPetroselinum crispum var. neapolitanum
Parsley rootPetroselinum crispum subsp. tuberosumVegetable as a delicacy
ParsnipPastinaca sativaRoot (vegetable) as a treat edible leaves.
PeaPisum sativumQuantity to be limited
Pea culivatedPisum sativumLeaves and pods, peas only as treats.
PeachPrunus persicaFruits should only be given as treats. Leaves and wood are edible.
Pear treePyrus communisFruits must be given only as treats. Leaves and wood are edible. Do not give the seeds.
PeonyPaeonia sp.
Perennial flaxLinum perenne
Perennial LunariaLunaria rediviva
Persian SpeedwellVeronica persica
Phacelia with tansy leavesPhacelia tanacetifoliaSome species have irritating hairs (does not concern Phacelia tanacetifolia)
Phlox mossPhlox subulataTo be given in small quantities
Phlox mossPhlox subulata
Phlox paniculéPhlox paniculataTo be given in small quantities
Phlox paniculéPhlox paniculata
Pilosella caespitosa / Gazelle grassHieracium caespitosum
Plantain lancéoléPlantago lanceolata
Plantain media / White plantainPlantago media
Plum treePrunus domesticaFruits should only be given as treats. Leaves and wood are edible.
PoplarPopulus sp.
PotentillaPotentilla crantziiTo be given in small quantities
Potentilla anserinaPotentilla anserina
Poultry mintMentha pulegium
Prickly peaHypochaeris radicata
Prickly pear cactusAegopodium podagraria
Prickly pear cactus / Prickly pear cactusStachys officinalis
ProustiaProustia sp.
Proustia cuneifoliaProustia cuneifolia
Pulicaria dysenteryPulicaria dysentericaTo be given in small quantities
Purple cauliflowerBrassica sp.To be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Purple EchinaceaEchinacea purpureaDo not give too much
Purple Jerusalem artichokeHelianthus tuberosus. var.To be given in small quantities.
Purple loosestrifeLythrum salicaria
Purple preenanthePrenanthes purpurea
PurslanePortulaca oleracea
Pyrenean CranesbillGeranium pyrenaicum
QuackgrassPoaceae sp
QuinoaChenopodium quinoaSeeds only as treats
Radish (tops)Raphanus sativusThe tops can be given regularly the radishes themselves are treats.
Rampion oraclePhyteuma orbiculareTo be given in small quantities
RaspberryRubus idaeusBeware of thorns, fruit for treats
Red alderAlnus rubra
Red cabbageBrassica oleracea var. capitata f. rubraTo be given in small quantities the leaves must be green. Can be badly digested.
Red cloverTrifolium dubiumBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
Red cloverTrifolium mediumBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
Red cloverTrifolium incarnatumBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
Red cloverTrifolium rubensBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
Red lettuceLactuca sativa sp.
Red mustardBrassica juncea
Ribwort speedwellVeronica spicata
Ribwort speedwellVeronica spicata
Ribwort speedwellVeronica officinalis
RiceOryza sativaSeeds only as treats
Robert's Herb CranesbillGeranium robertianum
RocketEruca sativa
Romaine lettuceLactuca sativa var. longifolia
Roman ChamomileChamaemelum nobile
RosemaryRosmarinus officinalis
Rubus pedatusRubus pedatusBeware of thorns fruits as treats
Rubus ursinusRubus ursinusBeware of thorns fruits as treats
Rudbeckia hedgehogRudbeckia hirtaTo be given in small quantities
Rudbeckia luminariaRudbeckia fulgidaTo be given in small quantities
Runner beanPhaseolus coccineusLeaves and pods, fruits not to be given.
RutabagaBrassica napus subsp. rapiferaAvoid the root (treats) prefer the leaves.
RutabagaBrassica napusLeaves to be preferred roots as treats
RyeSecale cereale L.Seeds only as treats
SafflowerCarthamus tinctorius
Sage officinalSalvia officinalis
SainfoinHedysarum sp.
Salad (all types)
Salad hussarLactuca sativa var.
SavorySatureja
Saxifrage of AuvergneSaxifraga bryoidesTo be given in small quantities
Scabieuse colombaireScabiosa columbariaTo be given in small quantities
ScaroleCichorium endivia 'latifolium'
Scented BrambleRubus parviflorusBeware of thorns fruits as treats
Scented chamomileMatricaria discoideaTo be given in small quantity
Scented LunariaLunaria rediviva
Scented mintMentha suaveolens
Scented violetViola odorataTo give in small quantity
Scented woodruffGalium odoratumGive in small quantities
Scorzonera of SpainScorzonera hispanica
Scorzonera purpleScorzonera purpurea
Scorzonera roseaScorzonera rosea
Scots MintMentha longifolia
SesameSesamum indicumSeeds only as treats
Seven-leafed potentillaPotentilla heptaphyllaTo be given in small quantities
Shepherd's purseCapsella bursa-pastoris
Small oak speedwellVeronica chamaedrys
Smooth elmUlmus laevis
SolenomelusSolenomelus sp.
SorrelRumex sp.Quantity to be limited can cause kidney stones.
Sow thistleSonchus arvensis
Sow thistleSonchus oleraceus
Sow-thistleSonchus sp.Be careful some species have prickles.
SpearmintMentha spicata
SpinachSpinacia oleracea
Spiny BugrassOnonis spinosa
Spirea filipendulaFilipendula vulgaris
Spring chickweedLathyrus vernusSome seeds of its species can be toxic
Spring OmphalodesOmphalodes verna
Squash (all types) / Pumpkin / Pumpkin / PumpkinCucurbitaceaeVegetable treats edible leaves. Beware of poisonous coloquintes!
Stellaire aquatiqueMyosoton aquaticum
Stellaire des BoisStellaria nemorum
Stellaire graminéeStellaria graminea
Stellaire holostéeStellaria holostea
Stellaire intermediateStellaria media
Stork's beakErodium moschatum
StrawberryFragaria ananassaFruits in candy.
Strawberry bushFragaria vescaFruits in candy.
Sugarloaf chicory
SunflowerHelianthus annuusTo be given in small quantities
Swollen silythermSilene vulgarisTo be given in small quantities
Symphyotrichum puniceumSymphyotrichum puniceumTo be given in small quantities
Taraxacum officinaleTaraxacum officinale
TarragonArtemisia dracunculusDo not confuse with Mexican tarragon!
TetragoniaTetragonia sp.
Thick-leafed oracleSedum dasyphyllum
ThistleCarduus sp.Be careful with the prickles which can hurt the cheeks.
Thistle (all types)Asteraceae spBeware of prickles!
Thistle (all types)Silybum marianumBeware of prickles
Thlaspi praecox
Thyme (all types)Thymus sp.
TimothyPhleum pratense
ToadflaxLinaria purpureaTo be given in small quantities
ToadflaxLotus corniculatusTo be given in small quantities
Tomato (all types)Solanum spFruit as treats leaves edible.
Tradescantia fluminensisTradescantia fluminensis
TurnipBrassica rapa L. subsp. rapaEdible leaves
VerbenaVerbena officinalis
Verbena lemonAloysia citrodora
Vergerette de KarvinskiErigeron karvinskianus
Vergerette de PaoliErigeron paolii
Vergerette of PhiladelphiaErigeron philadelphicus
Vesce of the woodsVicia sylvatica
Vesicles commonVicia cracca
Vetch of CerdanyaVicia villosa
Vine (all types)Vitis sp.
Viola sororiaViola sororiaTo be given in small quantities
Wall cressCymbalaria muralis
Wall hawkweedHieracium murorum
WallflowerDiplotaxis muralis
Wandering JewTradescantia zebrina
Warty bollockBetula pendula
Water mintMentha aquatica
Watercress (all types)Lepidium sativum
Watercress (all types)Nasturtium officinale
Weeping willowSalix babylonica
Western chickweedLathyrus laevigatus occidentalisTo be given in small quantities
WheatTriticum sp.Seeds only as treats
White cloverTrifolium repensBeware the white mushrooms that cover the clover are toxic.
White huckleberryPotentilla alba
White Jerusalem artichokeHelianthus tuberosus. var.To be given in small quantities.
White manure / White nettleLamium albumTo be given in small quantities
Wild chamomileMatricaria chamomilla
Wild chicoryCichorium intybus
Wild Pansy or Tricolor PansyViola tricolorTo be given in small quantities
Wild rocketDiplotaxis tenuifolia
Wild thymeThymus serpyllum
Willow (all types)Salix sp.
Willow (all types)Salix albaTo be given in small quantities
Willow-leaved Bugloss - Yellow ox-eyeBuphthalmum salicifolium
Wood CranesbillGeranium sylvaticum
YarrowAchillea millefolium
Yellow lettuce / Yellow nettleLamium galeobdolonTo be given in small quantity
Yellow medlarMespilus germanica
Yellow milk quailGalium verumGive in small quantities
Yellow nutsedgeCyperus esculentus
Yellow resedaReseda lutea
ZinniaZinnia sp.
Zucchini (all types)Cucurbita pepoVegetable treats edible leaves.

Edible treats

Treats are often high in sugar and/or fat. These should be given sparingly, with a maximum of 1.5g to 2g dry per day. Fruits and some other foods are treats, and should not be offered regularly to octodons. In general, it is not necessary to offer treats every day. It is possible to find foods that are healthy for degus and offer them as treats, especially for those with diabetes.

Common nameRemarks
AlmondDo not give bitter almonds
AppleDo not give the seeds
ApricotOnly the fruit is edible
Artichoke
Bean
Beet
Bell pepper
Blackcurrant
Blueberry
Blueberry
Broccoli
Carrot
Celery
Cherry
Coconut
Cranberry
Cranberry
Cucumber
Cucumber
Eggplant
Fig
Gooseberry
HazelnutDo not give seeds if this treat is given. To be given only in exceptional cases like all dried fruits.
Jerusalem artichoke
Leek
Mango
Melon
Melon
Parsnip
Passion fruit
Pea
PeanutOnly sterilized the shells can carry spores or fungus that can cause oral problems. To be given only in exceptional cases like all dried fruits.
PearDo not give the seeds
Persimmon
Pineapple
Plum
Pomegranate
Pumpkin
Pumpkin
Pumpkin seeds
Radish
Raspberry
Squash
Strawberry
Sunflower seedsToo rich in phosphorus to be limited.
Tomato
WalnutDo not give seeds if this treat is given. To be given only in exceptional cases like all dried fruits.
WatermelonDo not give the seeds
Zucchini

Edible woods

Common nameScientific nameRemarks
AbiesAbiesThe bark and needles are toxic
AlderAlnus Mill
Apple Tree
Apple treeMalus sylvestris
AspenPopulus tremula
BambooBe careful
BasswoodTilia L.
Basswood with large leavesTilia platyphyllos
BirchBetula pendula Roth
Black alderAlnus glutinosa
Black cherryPrunus padusFruits to avoid (Cyanogenic glycoside)
Black poplarPopulus nigra
BlackthornPrunus spinosaFruits to avoid (Cyanogenic glycoside)
Cherry treePrunus aviumFruits to avoid (Cyanogenic glycoside)
Common lilacSyringa vulgaris
Common Pear TreePyrus communis
Common sprucePicea abiesBark and needles are poisonous
Downy birchBetula pubescens
Field mapleAcer campestreBeware
Flat mapleAcer platanoidesBeware
Fragile willowSalix fragilisDrying due to salicin
HawthornCrateagus L.Fruits to avoid
Hawthorn monogynousCrataegus monogynaFruits to avoid
Hawthorn two stylesCrataegus laevigataFruits to avoid
HazelCorylus avellana
Heartleaf pear treePyrus cordata
HollyIlex aquifoliumOnly wood
HornbeamCarpinus betulus.
Lambert's HazelCorylus maxima
MyrobolanPrunus cerasiferaFruits to avoid (Cyanogenic glycoside)
Pear tree
PinePinusBark and needles are toxic
Plane treePlatanus x Acerfolia
Plum TreePrunus DomesticaFruits to avoid (Cyanogenic glycoside)
PoplarPopulus L.
Rosaceae familyRosaceae
ServiceberryAmelanchier MedikFruits to avoid (Cyanogenic glycoside)
Small leaf basswoodTilia cordata
SprucePiceaBark and needles are toxic
VineVitis viniferaCarrier of many molds
Warty birchBetula pendula
Weeping willowSalix babylonicaTo be dried due to salicin
White willowSalix albaDrying due to salicin
WillowSalix L.To be dried because of salicin
WillowSalix pentandraDrying due to salicin
Willow with 3 stamensSalix triandraTo be dried due to salicin

Translation by Matthieu Selles.

Sources

  1. Feeding Ecology of Two Chilean Caviomorphs in a Central Mediterranean Savanna[]
  2. Nutrition and Behavior of Degus (Octodon degus)[]
  3. Impact of a high-phosphorus diet on the sonographic and CT appearance of kidneys in degus, and possible concurrence with dental problems[]
  4. Diseases_in_pet_degus_A_retrospective_study_in_300_animals[]
  5. Dentistry in Hypselodont Small Animals: Guinea-pigs, Degus and Chinchillas[]

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